Geography of Cyprus

Cyprus is situated at the crossroads of trade routes among Asia, Europe and Africa. In the past, a lot of countries have conquered and colonized in Cyprus and that is why Cyprus is full of history.

Facts and figures of Cyprus

Cyprus is the 3rd largest Mediterranean island and is situated in the eastern part of the Mediterranean Sea. There are a lot of mountains in Cyprus as the island is of volcanic origin. Cyprus is close to Egypt, Turkey, Syria, Rhodes and Karpasos.


Landscapes of Cyprus are known for their long sandy beaches. The North coast is full of rocks with lots of coves. Foreigners and tourists have the opportunity to enjoy the breathtaking views of the coves and bays and also the green valleys which are surrounded by rocky mountains as well. Cypriot landscapes are full of hilly fields, fertile plains covered with vineyards and coniferous mountains. What is more, there are two parallel mountain ranges, the Kerynia to the North and Troodos to the South. Half of the island is covered with lower mountains and hills. The plains of Cyprus have olive and carob trees, wheat and grapes.

As for the East part of Cyprus, cultivations of melons, watermelons and Cypriot potatoes are found.

Troodos mountains are covered with pine trees, dwarf Oaks, cypress trees and different kinds of cedar. The highest mountain is the Olympus which rises at 1952 m above the sea level and it is considered to be the highest point of the island. Among the Olympus and Troodos mountains lies the fertile valley of Mesaoria.

20% of the island is the total forest area and 47% is the fertile lands.

In the South part, Cyprus has 5 cities: Limassol, Nicosia, Paphos, Larnaca and Polis. In the North part of it there are three cities: Morphou, Kerynia and Famagousta. Besides the fact that the North part has been occupied by Turkey since 1974, visitors have the opportunity to visit that beautiful part of Cyprus without any problems.